Questions free trade agreements with Georgia

The most frequently asked questions about the free trade agreement (FTA) with Georgia, which came into force on May 1, 2018.

Georgia Free Trade Agreement

Following ratification by the individual countries, the free trade agreement between the EFTA (Switzerland, Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway) and Georgia entered into force on May 1, 2018. All import duties are immediately lifted for almost all industrial products. Imported processed and unprocessed food products are subject to a substantial tariff reduction.

How does tariff reduction work when importing to Switzerland or Georgia?

Most of the duties were lifted in one fell swoop when the agreement entered into force. At the same time, Georgia's status as a GSP developing country was abolished. There are exceptions in place for various agricultural products as well as fish and seafood products.

What rules of origin apply in this agreement?

Those of the PEM Convention: the pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin.

What is considered proof of origin in this FTA?
  • EUR.1 movement certificates
  • The declaration of origin on the invoice

- For the time being, only applicable without (PEM) accumulation:

  • EUR-MED movement certificates
  • The declaration of origin on the EUR-MED invoice
Wording of the declaration of origin

The wording prescribed by the PEM Convention should be used.

Can I cumulate in this FTA?

Yes. Bilateral cumulation (EFTA-Georgia) has been possible since this free trade agreement came into force. This free trade agreement stipulates the application of the PEM Convention’s rules of origin. Since Georgia has joined the pan-Euro-Mediterranean Convention (PEM Convention), diagonal cumulation with joint free trade partners within the Euro-Med system is possible in theory. At the moment, however, the legal foundation is lacking to a certain extent, so in general only bilateral cumulation (EFTA-Georgia) is possible (as of September 2018).

With effect from June 1, 2018, however, diagonal cumulation (EFTA-Georgia-EU) has been possible (including for basic and processed agricultural products).

What is special about this FTA?

This agreement covers all goods. There are no additional bilateral agricultural agreements.

Drawback ban

Applies to this agreement. This means that originating products in Switzerland may not be produced with non-originating materials that are subject to a refund of customs duties (for example, goods imported and subsequently re-exported in processing).

As a Swiss company, what other benefits do I gain with this FTA?

Swiss companies are now no longer disadvantaged compared to their competitors from the EU. The EU also has an FTA with Georgia, which has been in force since 2016.

Important documents and more information regarding application

Circular from the FOCBS in German, French, Italian.

The complete agreement between the EFTA and Georgia is available on the EFTA homepage (in English) via the following link.

The currently valid preferential tariffs as well as the rules of origin and list rules are available in the customs database via the following link.

Please contact our ExportHelp team should you have any further questions:

ExportHelp S-GE
Switzerland Global Enterprise
0844 811 812

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